1982 - 1989
1982 - Rights of Crime Victims
The Victim's Bill of Rights grants crime victims a constitutional right to restitution, expands relevant evidence permitted in criminal cases and gives victims and their families a right to express their views at sentencing hearings. Proposition 8, an initiative, is approved by 56.4 percent of voters.
1987 - Smoking
The Legislature votes to ban smoking on in-state flights. In 1993, smoking is prohibited in public buildings. Governor Pete Wilson in 1994 signs one of the nation's toughest anti-smoking laws to prohibit smoking in enclosed workplaces, with some limited exemptions. Voters the same year defeat an initiative backed by tobacco giant Philip Morris to ease the restrictions.
1989 - Guns
Outraged by a gunman's killing of five Asian refugee children and his wounding of 29 other youngsters and a teacher with a rapid-fire AK-47 in a Stockton schoolyard, the Legislature outlaws military-type assault rifles. A "zero tolerance" law in 1995 requires students who carry guns or pull knives at public schools to be expelled. In the wake of another deadly round of school shootings in 1999, Governor Gray Davis signs bills to strengthen the definition of prohibited assault weapons, ban importation or sale of large-capacity ammunition magazines, and require handguns to have safety devices and to pass safety tests. Buyers are limited to the purchase of one gun per month, with the aim of curtailing bulk purchases for resale on the streets. Minors are barred from gun shows unless accompanied by guardians. Weapons at the shows must be labeled with the owner's name, signature and driver's license number.