California State Capitol History Part Three
Part III: Growth
The rapid growth of the state and expanding government responsibility soon created the need for additional space at the Capitol, after several major expansion efforts and three-quarters of a decade issues arise concerning the structural integrity of the building. California had to make an important decision--rebuild or restore?
- Apse & East Annex
- Rebuild or Restore?
Accomodating a Growing State Government
The California State Capitol Building, throughout its history, has experienced endless growing pains associated with the continual expansion of a prosperous state.
1928 - Library and Courts Building
The building’s pediment and Neo-classical design complimented the Classical Revival style of the Capitol. The Library and Courts new home was designed by the San Francisco architectural firm of Weeks & Day. At the time of construction, the building was widely regarded as the most beautiful in state government. Even today, the grandeur of the entrance lobby, its majestic murals, and a variety of attractive decorative features make this building exceptional.
1928 –1949: Apse
In 1928 the State Controller’s Office moved into the semicircular apse when the Library and Courts vacated the space. The apse was a major architectural element based on early Roman design and originally housed both the State Supreme Court (first floor) and the State Library (second floor). Unfortunately in 1949, the building's growth and modernization dealt the biggest blow to the integrity of the original Capitol building. The entire apse had to be destroyed in order to accommodate the new extension.
1949 – 1952: East Annex
Construction of the East Annex began in 1949 and was completed by 1952. The newly built East Annex created offices for the Governor, Lieutenant Governor, legislators, and other state officials. Before the expansion, Assembly and Senate members had to carry out business on the floor of their respective chamber, or any other place they could find.
A Difficult Decision
Since it became a state in 1850, California has grown faster than many nations. The Gold Rush in 1848, the transcontinental railroad expansion in 1869, and the 1950s post-World War II baby boom are just a few of the events that led to the rapid increase in California's population. Accompanying this increase was a struggle for change within the Capitol as the building became too small to house all of the state's government.
In 1949, the circular apse on the east side of the building was demolished to make way for the East Annex. The East Annex was built to accommodate the expanding need for greater office space.
By 1972, the state had once again outgrown its Capitol building. It was deteriorating and becoming unfit for its purpose. A seismic study revealed that the Capitol would be unsafe in an earthquake. It became time for California to make an important decision - rebuild or restore?